Professor Madani’s research portfolio spans the areas of engineering, natural sciences, systems analysis, economics, public policy, politics and behavior. He is working at the interface of science, policy and society on complex human-nature problems involving water, energy, food, climate and environment. His interpapillary research in North America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Middle East covers issues such as water management, environmental policy, diplomacy and justice, energy systems, food security, climate change impacts and adaptation, sustainable development, green recovery and transboundary conflicts and negotiations.

He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and the Environmental and Water Resources Institute (EWRI). He has received a number of awards for his research, teaching, as well as outreach and humanitarian activities, including the New Face of Civil Engineering (ASCE), Hydrologic Sciences Early Career Scientist Award (AGU), Arne Richter Award for Outstanding Young Scientists (EGU), Walter Huber Civil Engineering Research Prize (ASCE), and Ambassador Award (AGU). He was one of the six climate change scientists featured by Reuters in 2021 in its Hot List of Climate Scientists.